Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) uses a range of addresses with options to provide clients with IP address configurations to operate on the network. DHCP servers are configured with scopes by an administrator to manage IP addressing in the network.
Scopes are also known as pools, than contain a range of IP address for a subnet, lease time and options for configuration.
|1||Subnet Mask||Subnet Mask Value|
|3||Router||Default Gateway addresses|
|4||Time Server||Time server addresses|
|5||Name Server||IEN-116 Server addresses|
|6||Domain Server||DNS Server addresses|
|43||Vendor Specific||Vendor Specific Information|
|82||Relay Agent Information||Used to Identify Client Location|
|150||TFTP server address||Used to Identify Voice Server/Gateway|
Common DHCP servers: